Unit Reference No: GEO - 3202 Unit Name: Regional Geography Course Composition Lectures: 15 (30hrs.) Tutorials: 05 (15hrs.) Group Assignments : 1 Individual Assignments: 1 Lecturer in Charge Ven. Dr. Pinnawala Sangasumana Collaborating Lecturer/s Dr. G.M. Bandaranayake 1. Introduction The course provides a broad introduction to Regional Geography with adequate coverage of the theoretical bases of the subject. A typology of regions is attempted to make the students conversant with different types of regions together with the criteria used to identify them. Emphasis is paid to diverse forces emanating from territorial claims on the one hand and the driving forces for regional co-operations on the other. Spatial inequality is another aspect covered together with the global, national and local level interventions to mitigate intra and inter regional disparities. Regional planning and issues in regional development are also addressed. Finally attention is focused on the future if regions and of regions and overall Information Technology applications in regional studies. The students are expected to consult the references indicated. Most of the references are available at the University Library. Some additional material will be provided as handouts by the faculty. A detailed schedule showing the distribution of lectures within the semester on a weekly basis, including lecture titles and sub-titles, is given in the attached table. 2. Teaching Plan: Regional Geography Week No. Main Topic Sub Titles 1 Introduction to Regional Geography  What is Regional Geography  Evolution of regional studies  Present status of regional Geography  People and place in Geography 2 Regional Concept  Introduction to the ‘regional concept’  Problems of identifying regions  Determination of regional boundaries 3 Regional hierarchy  Regional hierarchy- an overview  Micro, Meso and Macro level regions  Interaction between global, national and local levels 4 Typology of regions  Criteria used to identify different regions  Role of physical factors in the identification of regions  Types of region 5 Activity based regions  Introduction to regions based on human activity  Nodal and functional regions  Regions demarcated for special purposes.  Examples: industrial regions and agricultural regions 6 Culture as regional identity  Culture as a regional indicator  Distinct cultural traits forecasting regionalism  Language and religion as binding and separating factors  Cultural regions 7 The concept of territoriality  Factors fostering territoriality  Concept of territorially  Cultural and ethnic claims for distinct territories 8 Territorial conflicts  Territoriality and nationhood  Territorial conflicts in South Asia  Struggles for division (e.g. Kashmir, Sri Lanka’s North East) 9 Regional cooperation  Driving forces for regional cooperation  Different types of regional organization  Examples of regional organizations  e.g. European Union SAARC,ASEAN  A critical overview of regional organizations 10 Spatial inequality  Identifying spatial inequality  Indicators used to measure inequality  Causes and consequences of spatial inequality  Geo- political and historical factors contributing to sustain spatial inequality 11 Patters of spatial inequality  Global patterns of inequality  Contrasts in technological development  Developed vs. Developing countries  Inequalities between and within States 12 Reducing spatial inequality  Interventions at global level  State sponsored welfare measures  Regional policy to overcome inequality E.g.: defining areas of need 13 Regional planning  Need for regional planning  Local resource utilization through regional planning  Different approaches to regional planning 14 Regional development An overview of concepts and theories Different strategies adopted for regional development Critical assessment of selected country examples. 15 Future of Regions Future of Regions in the globalizing context Data needs and non-traditional methods of data acquisition Use of automated systems to retrieve data and monitor changes Overall IT applications in regional studies. 3. Complementary Literature A collection of articles in which both the traditional and modern regional geography is represented. Following Materials are recommended as complementary literature 1. Hall, P. (1992). Urban and Regional Planning . 2. Herington, J. (1989). Planning Processes: An Introduction for Geographers. 3. Cole, J. (1996). Geography of the World’s Major Regions 4. Bradshaw, M., George W. White and Joseph P. Dymond (eds) (2004), Mc Graw Hill, New York. 5. Rowntree, L., Lewi, M., Price, M. and Wyckoff, W. (2003), Diversity amid Globalization: World Regions, Environment, Development, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 6. Economic Development and Social Change in Sri Lanka: A Spatial and Policy Analysis. (Ed) Paul A. Groves, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, (1996) 7. Geographies of Development (Second Edition), Robert B. Potter, Tony Binns, Jennifer A. Elliott, David Smith - Pearson Education Limited, England, (1999) 8. South Asia, B.L.C. Jhonson, Heinemann Educational Books Ltd. London. (1969) 9. Rural-Urban Interfae in Sri Lanka: Studies in Regional Development, Edited by M.M. karunanayake, Department of Geography, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, (2003) 10. Rural-Urban Linkages in Regional Development: The experience of North central Sri Lanka, R.M.K. Rathnayake, Published by the Author (2007) 11. Geopolitics in a Changing World, Klaus Dodds, Prentice Hall, (2000) 12.